Liquidated Damages

Liquidated Damages refer to a predetermined amount of money that a contractor agrees to pay the client if specific contractual obligations, particularly regarding project completion deadlines, are not met. This clause is included in contracts to serve as a compensatory measure for the client in case of delays attributable to the contractor.

Key Features:

  • Predefined Compensation: A set amount agreed upon during the contract formation, providing clarity and fairness for both parties.
  • Compensatory Nature: The purpose is to compensate the client for losses incurred due to delayed completion, such as additional project management costs or lost revenue, rather than to punish the contractor.
  • Contractual Clarity: Ensures that both parties have a clear understanding of the financial implications of project delays.

Applications in Construction:

  • Project Delays: If a construction project is not completed by the agreed-upon deadline, the contractor pays liquidated damages to the client.
  • Cost Recovery: Helps the client recover costs associated with the delay, including extended project management and potential revenue losses.


  • Risk Management: Provides a clear financial remedy for the client in case of delays, reducing uncertainty and potential disputes.
  • Incentive for Timely Completion: Encourages contractors to complete projects on time to avoid financial penalties.
  • Transparency: Establishes a clear, agreed-upon sum for compensation, promoting fairness and reducing the likelihood of litigation.


  • Estimation of Potential Losses: The amount is typically calculated based on a reasonable estimate of the client’s potential losses due to delays.
  • Agreement in Contract: Both parties agree to the liquidated damages amount during contract negotiations, ensuring mutual understanding and acceptance.